Groups and Teams
A group involves people coming together to accomplish a certain task. Different people have different ways of solving different or similar tasks. If those people join hands to create a group, it becomes easier to complete a given task. Little time will be used and the outcome is more perfect than when only one person was involved. The aim of our group is creating awareness of HIV\Aids to the people specifically the youths. Programs involved comprises of visiting the youths in schools and other social places and cautions them on the need to take care of ourselves and also on the need to work hard and be responsible people in the community.
Stages of group formation
Groups are very vital when It comes to problem solving and task completions. That it is of importance to know whom one forms the group with, the role they will play in the group and their readiness to join the group too. The following represents the procedure we followed to form a group. According to Tuckman (1970), group formation involves four major stages of development that is all aimed at increasing group performance.
Forming is the very initial stage of any group formation. It is the stage where people come together may be during a tea break or any other place that can bring people together. At this stage, the people involved might start discussing on issues affecting them just to pass the time. The group is not yet formed and thus no common agenda between the members.
This is the most crucial stage of group formation. The people involved start thinking on the same line of thought about the issue. Everyone talk of the way an issue should be handled. This is where the idea of forming a group to work together comes in. People involved understand the need to work together to accomplish the task. Many groups many terminate at this point if the member does not come into a single line of thought.
The stage involves the formation of rules and regulations governing the whole organization. No group can function without having defined rules directing them. At this stage, the members agree on the days they will be meeting to know the proceedings of the group, the task of each member, each members’ contribution if any and many more other issues relating to the group. A group leader is also selected at this stage.
After the group has been formed and the rules set the real business or mission starts. Everyone performs the assigned part to enhance the achievement of the group goals. The members are meet regularly to discuss on the issues affecting them and on ways to cope with them. Any mistake made by one person may affect the overall output of the group. Just like a team work, everyone should play the role assigned to him or her.
What does it take to form a group?
Though the format of group formation is well known by many, hardly do groups follow each and every step. Some of the members who looked helpful at the initial stage become time wasters at last leading to the failure of the group. This makes it hard to get members who can actively work toward the achievement of the group role. The members have to realize that they are responsible and accountable for the tasks assigned (Demange, 2005). Caution should be taken from the initial stage to eliminate such members at the initial stage.
What makes groups work?
Most of the groups that succeed have many things in common. The members fully understand their role in the group, the group have attainable goal, and the group works on a legal basis, strong leadership, members’ motivation and also the availability of the necessary tools and equipment.
Understanding of individual roles Members become very active if they well understand their roles. The may be something in the line of the members specialization and liking. This will create a moral to work hard to achieve the goal. If members are assigned duties they have never done or have experience in, it becomes hard for them to cooperate.
Attainable and legal goals
The group should work on a legal basis and their goal must be on personal improvement or the improvement of the whole community. Illegal groups hardly achieve their goals due to the government intervention to terminate such organizations’ operations. It is important to have the entire legal document required depending on the nature of the group. Following all the above attentively will enable easier achievement of goals.
Andrew,H.B “Group design and leadership :strategies creating successful common-theme group.” Cambrige university press.(1995). 21 May 2014. Print.
Blair, G., “Groups that work.” Retrieved July 27, 2010 retrieved from: http://www.see.ed.ac.uk/~gerard/Management/art0.html?http://oldeee.see.ed.ac.uk/~gerard/Management/art0.html
Demange,G “Group formation in economics networks, clubs and coalitions.” Cambridge, UK: Cambridge, University Press.(2005). 21 May 2014. Print.
Grazier, P. “Team motivation.” Retrieved July 27, 2010 retrieved from: http://www.teambuildinginc.com/article_teammotivation.htm
Kerber, K. W., & Buono, A. F. (2004). Leadership Challenges in Global Virtual Teams: Lessons From the Field. SAM Advanced Management Journal (69)4, pp. 4-11.