Recycling, Reducing, and Reusing
Recycling, Reducing, and Reusing
As the world grows and everybody is talking about industrialization development of nations there are many ecological problems that arise at that time. Talks about global warming have dominated almost every discussion. The purpose of this paper is to suggest means of addressing this problem. One of the most talked about phenomenon is the use of the three Rs, this is reduce, reuse and recycle. All this greatly helps to reduce the amount of waste that is thrown away. When this is done there will be a lot of conservation of natural resources, the filling of landfills lowered and also energy will be saved. A lot of money will be saved as communities will not be disposing of a lot of waste to operate landfills. In the last week, there was a great success in the analysis of different materials that are recyclable. The following materials appeared in the journal for the analysis. The first were old newspapers, steel cans, aluminum, salad greens and orange peels.
The population of Baltimore Maryland is about 620,961 people from the 2003 statistical analysis. The materials that underwent recycling in the time mentioned were about 357 kilograms in total. This, therefore, means that if all the people in this location undertook similar initiatives, there would be unprecedented results. The amount of garbage that would be recycled is (620,961) multiplied by (357) totaling to about (221,683,077) kilograms of garbage recycled.
The amount of garbage that this community would recycle in one year is obtained by multiplying the number of weeks in a single year by the amount of what is recycled in one week. This would give the following figures, (221683077) (52) tons of garbage in that year. Analytical research has shown that less than 2% of the American population undertakes recycling. This is way below the targeted 17%. Comparing the amount of expected recycled materials from the above data and the actual amount of that is normally recycled is negligible. Research shows that every household in this community recycles less than 2kilogrames on average per week. This, therefore, is a proof that this community does not recycle enough materials.
There are many things that the American government can and needs to do to promote recycling. To start with, there must be adequate facilities in place. Mostly, the facilities that are needed include the following. Facilities used in the recovery materials, well established recycling centers .There must also be efficient garbage collection procedures and suitable separation bins used in garbage collection (Benjamin,2003). Must be put in place, and this location must be very convenient to the user. In the event that they are not well place and, therefore, cannot be easily and comfortably used by the community there will be no success. However, the sheer placing of these kinds of facilities in the community by the government is a clear demonstration that it encourages everybody to recycle.
Education is the other vital thing that must be promoted to enhance recycling .After the government has placed these facilities; appropriate education and dissemination of information must be maintained to all people (Tierney,2005). Recycling and segregation as well as other methods that help the environment need to be taught in all schools and crusades for a healthier and greener ways of life must be in place to inspire people to use them.
Research is another tool that must be employed by the government to promote recycling. It is vital for the government to embark on continuous research and the development of the facilities used for recycling. The methods and these strategies must be employed to guarantee that recycling will continue to improve.
There is much importance that all these initiatives by the government have in the ecosystem. The most important is that recycling lowers garbage dumped into landfills. Mostly, these landfills holds implausible volume of garbage and research has shown that it takes tons and tons more every day. Therefore, it is through recycling that this problem can be reduced. Many things commonly manufactured in factories are recyclable. For example, glass has been used and reused for many centuries.
The Egyptians were there first people to recycle glass for making cups, jewelry among other items. Glass is normally made from sand and other low materials. It is one of the easiest materials to recycle (John,2004).The process starts by people bringing their bottles to a recycling center. Here it is sorted according to its colors then transported to processing facilities where it is cleaned and then crushed into what is called cullet. The cullet is taken to the manufacturing plant and mixed with more sand, soda ash and limestone. This mixture is heated to produce liquid in very hot furnace. Finally, this liquid is poured into different molds to produce different shapes.
There are very different types of paper most of which are recyclable. One example is used newspapers. Paper is normally made of very tiny fibers. Due to these fibers will eventually become weak. Therefore a paper cannot be recycled endlessly. While most types of paper are recyclable, some of them which have a glossy or waxy coating are too costly to recycle. During the recycling of paper, newsprint should be separated from white print and cardboard. When newspapers are brought to the recycling station, the paper is sorted and then transported to a pulping facility. Here the paper is heated in very big vats to make pulp. Later, chemicals are used to separate ink from the paper. The pulp will undergo cleaning to remove the glue, other debris as well as any remaining ink. The pulp is beaten and straightened to become paper ones again. Finally, the pulp is made to very thin sheet that eventually becomes paper yet again.
Steel cans are also recyclable. This is done by putting them into a furnace then adding molten iron. After this Oxygen is blasted in and then heated to a temperature of about 1700°C. This liquid metal is then poured into moulds that are used to large slabs that are then rolled into different coils. This is later used to make different things like cars bikes among others.
A recent survey that took place in California demonstrates the great impact of recycling materials as an economic development tool (John,2004). It mirrors similar outcomes of data that was compiled by state offices, called the U.S. EPA and also the Institute for Local Self-Reliance. These reports all demonstrate how recycling translates to good business that always moves far beyond the resources and energy conservation benefits long recognized.
John, Ruston. (2004). Anti-Recycling Myths. New York, NY: Thomson Wadsworth.
Benjamin, Daniel. (2003). Recycling Myths Revisited. Open University Press.
Tierney, John. (2005). "Recycling Is Garbage Von Hoffman Press.